Cheshire3 Configuration - Indexes¶
Indexes need to be configured to know where to find the data that they should extract, how to process it once it’s extracted and where to store it once processed.
- An object reference to the default indexStore to use for extracted terms.
- Alternative index object to use for termId for terms in this index.
- Path to a directory where temporary files will be stored during batch mode indexing.
The value for any true/false type settings must be 0 or 1.
- If the value is true , then the indexStore is instructed to also create an inverted list of record Id to value (as opposed to value to list of records) which should be used for sorting by that index.
- Constants to be used during CORI relevance ranking, if different from the defaults.
- Constants to be used during logistic regression relevance ranking, if different from the defaults.
- Constants to be used for the OKAPI BM-25 algorithm, if different from the defaults. These can be used to fine tune the behavior of relevance ranking using this algorithm.
- If the value is true, the Index should not be called from index_record() method of Database.
- If the value is true, the Index should not be called from unindex_record() method of Database.
- Should the index store vectors (doc -> list of termIds)
- Should the index store vectors that also maintain proximity for their terms
- Size of a long integer in this index’s underlying data structure (e.g. to migrate between 32 and 64 bit platforms)
- Use average record sizes from recordStores when calculating relevances. This is useful when a database includes records from multiple recordStores, particularly when recordStores contain records of varying sizes.
- Number of terms to cache when building vectors.
Index Configuration Elements¶
An index configuration must contain at least one source element. Each source block configures a way of treating the data that the index is asked to process.
It’s worth mentioning here that the index object will be asked to process incoming search terms as well as data from records being indexed. A <source> element may have a mode attribute to specify when the processing configured within this source block should be applied. To clarify, the mode attribute may have the value of any of the relations defined by CQL (any, all, =, exact, etc.), indicating that the processing in this source should be applied when the index is searched using that particular relation.
The mode attribute may also have the value ‘data’, indicating that the processing in the source block should be applied to the records at the time they are indexed. Multiple modes can be specified for a single source block by separating the with a vertical pipe | character within the value of the mode attribute. If no mode attribute is specified, the source will default to being a data source. Example 2’_ demonstrates the use of the ``mode` attribute to apply a different Extractor object when carrying out searches using the ‘any’, ‘all’ or ‘=’ CQL relation, in this case to preserve masking/wildcard characters.
Each data mode source block configures one or more XPaths to use to extract data from the record, a workflow of objects to process the results of the XPath evaluation and optionally a workflow of objects to pre-process the record to transform it into a state suitable for XPathing. Each data mode source block will be processed in turn by the system for each record during indexing.
For source blocks with modes other than data, only the element configuring the workflow of objects to process the incoming term with is required. <xpath> or <selector> and :ref:config-indexes-elements-preprocess` elements will be ignored.
<xpath> or <selector>¶
These elements specify a way to select data from a Record. They can contain either a simple XPath expression as CDATA (as in Example 1) or have a ref attribute containing a reference to a configured Selector object within the configuration hierarchy (as in Example 2).
While it is possible to use either element in either way, it is considered best practice to use the convention of <xpath> for explicit CDATA XPaths and <selector> when referencing a configured Selector.
These elements may not appear more than once within a given <source> , however a Selector may itself specify multiple <xpath> or <location> elements. When the a configured Selector contains multiple <xpath> or <location> elements, the results of each expression will be processed by the process chain (as described below).
If an XPath makes use of XML namespaces, then the mappings for the namespace prefixes must be present on the XPath element. This can be seen in Example 1.
<process> and <preprocess>¶
These elements contain an ordered list of objects. The results of the first object is given to the second and so on down the chain.
The first object in a process chain must be an Extractor, as the input data is either a string, a DOM node or a SAX event list as appropriate to the XPath evaluation. The result of a process chain must be a hash, typically from an Extractor or a Normalizer . However if the last object is an IndexStore , it will be used to store the terms rather than the default.
For existing processing objects that can be used in these fields, see the object documentation.
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<subConfig type="index" id="zrx-idx-9"> <objectType>index.ProximityIndex</objectType> <paths> <object type="indexStore" ref="zrxIndexStore"/> </paths> <source> <preprocess> <object type="transformer" ref="zeerexTxr"/> <object type="parser" ref="SaxParser"/> </preprocess> <xpath>name/value</xpath> <xpath xmlns:zrx="http://explain.z3950.org/dtd/2.0">zrx:name/zrx:value</xpath> <process> <object type="extractor" ref="ExactParentProximityExtractor"/> <object type="normalizer" ref="CaseNormalizer"/> </process> </source> <options> <setting type="sortStore">true</setting> <setting type="lr_constant0">-3.7</setting> </options> </subConfig>
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<subConfig type="selector" id="indexXPath"> <objectType>cheshire3.selector.XPathSelector</objectType> <source> <xpath>/explain/indexInfo/index/title</xpath> <xpath>/explain/indexInfo/index/description</xpath> </source> </subConfig> <subConfig type="index" id="zrx-idx-10"> <objectType>index.ProximityIndex</objectType> <paths> <object type="indexStore" ref="zrxIndexStore"/> </paths> <source mode="data"> <selector ref="indexXPath"/> <process> <object type="extractor" ref="ProximityExtractor"/> <object type="normalizer" ref="CaseNormalizer"/> <object type="normalizer" ref="PossessiveNormalizer"/> </process> </source> <source mode="any|all|="> <process> <object type="extractor" ref="PreserveMaskingProximityExtractor"/> <object type="normalizer" ref="CaseNormalizer"/> <object type="normalizer" ref="PossessiveNormalizer"/> </process> </source> </subConfig>